10 Preferred web development backend languages by business and developer


Web development comprises two components front-end development and backend development. So the visible things on the screen are front-end development, and the website's functionality is backend development. A website that engages your target audience is necessary for this digital age. So, you require a robust programming language for backend development because the website's performance depends on it, such as the user input.

10 Preferred web development backend languages by business and developer

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are the primary languages in front-end development. So in this post, we share top backend languages for web developers and business owners. It will help them choose backend development language according to their project needs.



A perfect language for server-side validation. However, JavaScript is both a front-end and backend development software. Therefore, JavaScript frameworks mentioned as a pointer are used primarily for backend development.

  • NodeJS
  • Next
  • Express
  • Gatsby
  • Meteor

Based on your requirement, choose the framework and develop your project.

Important Note: The popularity of small screens is visible, so it is crucial to choose a backend language that lets the user experience the website functionality on the small screen.


While developing Ruby, the principle of web development has been kept in mind. Further, a framework named Rail, developers developed. Developers extensively use Ruby on Rail(ROR). Web developers can quickly implement HTML, CSS, and JavaScript in Ruby.


Python has overshadowed Java. Many people believe this is a machine learning language. But many Python libraries support web development, and the most popular are Django and Flask. Web2py, Pyramid, and Dash are also web development Python frameworks. All frameworks have their specific set of features.

For example, where Django supports URL routing, Flask contains a development server and debugger.


PHP has the largest market share in web development. It shows the popularity of the personal home page(PHP), a server-side scripting language. A dynamic web page, an eCommerce store, a web application, all you can develop in PHP. It's compatible with all operating systems. Anyone who wants to make a career in web development should consider learning PHP. Many popular content management systems are developed in PHP like WordPress and Magento.


C#, pronounced as a C sharp, runs on the .NET framework. Those who have studied C or C++ will find little similarity in writing syntax. However, C# is a feature-rich programming language with which you can develop different platform-based applications such as Windows, web, and game development. For example, a widespread gaming website, Xbox, uses C# as its backend language. If you use Microsoft technology in your organization, you should consider C# for your web development because integration won't be challenging.


Java is one programming language that has evolved over the years. You can develop an enterprise website, mobile application, or server-side software technologies in Java. Java server pages (JSP) and servlets are the building blocks of Java web applications. In addition, the platform-independent nature of Java makes it highly portable. One of the reasons business considers developing a web application in Java is its scalability. Java has been around for a long time, so it has the most significant community. The support forum is for all, whether you are a beginner, intermediate, or expert.


Another feature-rich programming language that is powerful and flexible. The most important thing is that Perl has been around for 30 years, so you have an active community worldwide who are ready to help you. A Perl web framework, Catalyst, is based on the MVC (Model, View, Controller). I mentioned MVC because Web application design made this pattern famous. However, this is not a distinct feature. Consider Perl if you are looking for a web development backend language suitable for an online store. Because securing eCommerce transactions are most significant thing in the online store, Perl can handle encrypted web data.


Rust is an open-source programming language that has gained popularity over the years because of its high-performance features. As a result, web frameworks supported by Rust are stable and production-ready frameworks that fit any project size. In addition, it has elements of C and C++. However, memory safety issues have been a concern for web developers. The good news is that Rust doesn't have it.


Go, a programming language Google has created to develop scalable web applications. The purpose of creating Golang has been to make web development easy, and one good thing about the language Go is the IDE support it gets. In addition, web developers can find bugs while coding because it is a statically-typed language. However, Golang is less popular but a modern language with pros and cons like any other backend language. If you are a budding developer, you should consider learning because it is easy to learn, and according to StackOverflow, it is gaining popularity. Businesses can also consider developing a web application in Golang because it has an excellent standard library and built-in tools.

Visual Basic

To make a career in web development, you need to learn a programming language. Learning a programming language will not only help you land a job but can also help you get high-paying freelancing work. As mentioned above, web development backend languages are popular and in demand. Master any one language and start your journey in the corporate world.

Suppose you are a business owner and want a website, web application, or mobile app. I suggest consulting an experienced web developer who can guide you in choosing a backend programming language that fills your need. The right technology will make you free from unnecessary problems.

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Satish has working experience of a decade in web designing. He has designed more than 500 websites so far. When he is not creating websites, he writes about web technologies.

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